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Resinance – Interaction, smart materials and swarm behaviour

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Realised by the students of MA of Advanced Studies class at the Chair for CAAD and supervised by Manuel KretzerResinance is part of an ongoing series of projects exploring the potential use of smart materials in an architectural context. Influenced by the behaviour of simple organic life forms, in its assembly the project represented an ecology of functional units that could both work autonomously but also in coordination with their neighbouring units. It consists of 40 active elements that are gradually changing their surface color in response to human touch.

To make these slow transformation visible, each device is equipped with a second actuator, providing direct response through shivers and vibrations. Every four elements were connected through a control unit that formally resembled the rest of the objects but without the ability to change color. These units both choreographed the behavior of the particular cluster and transmitted the current state of each element to its neighbours  The tactile input not only changed the touched element but was transmitted throughout the whole installation in a networked, swarm like behaviour.

Resinance is produced from a polyester resin that is enhanced with thermochromic pigments, which are activated at different colours. Each element is rotationally moulded into a hollow container. The containers house water that is heated and cooled in between certain temperatures that trigger the desired colour effect. The temperature is constantly measured and kept just below the first colour change. When the sensors sense a human touch the installation responds through immediate shivers from vibration motors and starts slowly changing the colour of the touched element. The touch count is measured and communicated to the elment’s neighbours. Depending on popularity of the individual elements the installation develops an autonomous, unpredictable behaviour.

Project Page

Created by: Baldwin Mark, In Jessica, Janjusevic Tihomir, Jiang Nan, Letkemann Joel, Miranda Turu Nicolás, Prieler Irene, Schildberger David,
Shammas Demetris, Smigielska Maria, Tanigaito Aki, Xexaki Evi, Xydis Achilleas, Yuko Ishizu

Benjamin Dillenburger and Hironori Yoshida, CAAD
Weixin Huang and Lei Yu, Tsinghua University, China
Tomasz Jaskiewicz and Mariana Popescu, Hyperbody, TU Delft, Netherlands
Andrei Pruteanu and Stefan Dulman, Embedded Software Group, TU Delft, Netherlands